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TITLE 11–BANKRUPTCY

CHAPTER 11– REORGANIZATION

Sub Chapter IV – Railroad Reorganization

Sec. 1168. Rolling stock equipment

   (a)(1) The right of a secured party with a security interest in or 
of a lessor or conditional vendor of equipment described in paragraph 
(2) to take possession of such equipment in compliance with an equipment 
security agreement, lease, or conditional sale contract is not affected 
by section 362, 363, or 1129 or by any power of the court to enjoin the 
taking of possession, unless--
        (A) before the date that is 60 days after the date of 
    commencement of a case under this chapter, the trustee, subject to 
    the court's approval, agrees to perform all obligations of the 
    debtor that become due on or after the date of commencement of the 
    case under such security agreement, lease, or conditional sale 
    contract; and
        (B) any default, other than a default of a kind described in 
    section 365(b)(2), under such security agreement, lease, or 
    conditional sale contract--
            (i) that occurs before the date of commencement of the case 
        and is an event of default therewith is cured before the 
        expiration of such 60-day period; and
            (ii) that occurs or becomes an event of default after the 
        date of commencement of the case is cured before the later of--
                (I) the date that is 30 days after the date of the 
            default or event of default; or
                (II) the expiration of such 60-day period.

    (2) Equipment is described in this paragraph if it is rolling stock 
equipment or accessories used on such equipment, including 
superstructures and racks, that is subject to a security interest 
granted by, leased to, or conditionally sold to the debtor.
    (3) Paragraph (1) applies to a secured party, lessor, or conditional 
vendor acting in its own behalf or acting as trustee or otherwise in 
behalf of another party.
    (b) The trustee and the secured party, lessor, or conditional vendor 
whose right to take possession is protected under subsection (a) may 
agree, subject to the court's approval, to extend the 60-day period 
specified in subsection (a)(1).
    (c) With respect to equipment first placed in service on or prior to 
the date of enactment of this subsection, for purposes of this section--
        (1) the term ``lease'' includes any written agreement with 
    respect to which the lessor and the debtor, as lessee, have 
    expressed in the agreement or in a substantially contemporaneous 
    writing that the agreement is to be treated as a lease for Federal 
    income tax purposes; and
        (2) the term ``security interest'' means a purchase-money 
    equipment security interest.

    (d) With respect to equipment first placed in service after the date 
of enactment of this subsection, for purposes of this section, the term 
``rolling stock equipment'' includes rolling stock equipment that is 
substantially rebuilt and accessories used on such equipment.

(Pub. L. 95-598, Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2642; Pub. L. 98-353, title III, 
Sec. 519, July 10, 1984, 98 Stat. 388; Pub. L. 103-394, title II, 
Sec. 201(b), Oct. 22, 1994, 108 Stat. 4120.)


                      Historical and Revision Notes

                         legislative statements

    Section 1168 of the House amendment incorporates a provision 
contained in section 1166 of the House bill instead of the provision 
contained in section 1175 of the Senate amendment for the reasons stated 
in connection with the discussion of section 1110 of the House 
amendment.


                        senate report no. 95-989

    Section 1175 [enacted as section 1168] continues the protection 
accorded in present section 77(j) [section 205(j) of former title 11] to 
the rights of holders of purchase-money equipment security, and of 
lessors or conditional vendors of railroad rolling stock, but accords to 
the trustee a limited period within which to assume the debtor's 
obligation and to cure any defaults. The rights of such lenders are not 
affected by the automatic stay and related provisions of sections 362 
and 363, or by any power of the court, unless (1) within 60 days after 
the commencement of the case (or such longer period as may be agreed to 
by the secured party, lessor or conditional vendor) the trustees, with 
the approval of the court, agrees to perform all of the debtor's 
obligations under the security agreement, lease or conditional sale 
contract, and (2) all defaults are cured within the 60-day period. 
Defaults described in section 365(b)(2)--defaults which are breaches of 
provisions relating to the insolvency or financial condition of the 
debtor, or the commencement of a case under this title, or the 
appointment of a trustee--are for obvious reasons, excepted.


                         house report no. 95-595

    [Section 1166] This section [enacted as section 1168], derived with 
changes from the last sentence of present section 77(j) [section 205(j) 
of former title 11], protects the interests of rolling stock equipment 
financers, while providing the trustee with some opportunity to cure 
defaults, agree to make payments, and retain and use the equipment. The 
provision is parallel to section 1110, concerning aircraft equipment and 
vessels.

                       References in Text

    The date of enactment of this subsection, referred to in subsecs. 
(c) and (d), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 103-394, which added 
subsecs. (c) and (d) and was approved Oct. 22, 1994.


                               Amendments

    1994--Pub. L. 103-394 amended section generally. Prior to amendment, 
section read as follows:
    ``(a) The right of a secured party with a purchase-money equipment 
security interest in, or of a lessor or conditional vendor of, whether 
as trustee or otherwise, rolling stock equipment or accessories used on 
such equipment, including superstructures and racks, that are subject to 
a purchase-money equipment security interest granted by, leased to, or 
conditionally sold to, the debtor to take possession of such equipment 
in compliance with the provisions of a purchase-money equipment security 
agreement, lease, or conditional sale contract, as the case may be, is 
not affected by section 362 or 363 of this title or by any power of the 
court to enjoin such taking of possession, unless--

        ``(1) before 60 days after the date of the commencement of a 
    case under this chapter, the trustee, subject to the court's 
    approval, agrees to perform all obligations of the debtor under such 
    security agreement, lease, or conditional sale contract, as the case 
    may be; and
        ``(2) any default, other than a default of a kind specified in 
    section 365(b)(2) of this title, under such security agreement, 
    lease, or conditional sale contract, as the case may be--
            ``(A) that occurred before such date and is an event of 
        default therewith is cured before the expiration of such 60-day 
        period; and
            ``(B) that occurs or becomes an event of default after such 
        date is cured before the later of--
                ``(i) 30 days after the date of such default or event of 
            default; and
                ``(ii) the expiration of such 60-day period.
    ``(b) The trustee and the secured party, lessor, or conditional 
vendor, as the case may be, whose right to take possession is protected 
under subsection (a) of this section, may agree, subject to the court's 
approval, to extend the 60-day period specified in subsection (a)(1) of 
this section.''
    1984--Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 98-353 inserted a comma after 
``approval''.


                    Effective Date of 1994 Amendment

    Amendment by Pub. L. 103-394 effective Oct. 22, 1994, and not 
applicable with respect to cases commenced under this title before Oct. 
22, 1994, see section 702 of Pub. L. 103-394, set out as a note under 
section 101 of this title.


                    Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

    Amendment by Pub. L. 98-353 effective with respect to cases filed 90 
days after July 10, 1984, see section 552(a) of Pub. L. 98-353, set out 
as a note under section 101 of this title.


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