CHAPTER 3CASE ADMINISTRATION
Sub Chapter III Administration
Sec. 341. Meetings of creditors and equity security holders
(a) Within a reasonable time after the order for relief in a case
under this title, the United States trustee shall convene and preside at
a meeting of creditors.
(b) The United States trustee may convene a meeting of any equity
(c) The court may not preside at, and may not attend, any meeting
under this section including any final meeting of creditors.
(d) Prior to the conclusion of the meeting of creditors or equity
security holders, the trustee shall orally examine the debtor to ensure
that the debtor in a case under chapter 7 of this title is aware of--
(1) the potential consequences of seeking a discharge in
bankruptcy, including the effects on credit history;
(2) the debtor's ability to file a petition under a different
chapter of this title;
(3) the effect of receiving a discharge of debts under this
(4) the effect of reaffirming a debt, including the debtor's
knowledge of the provisions of section 524(d) of this title.
(Pub. L. 95-598, Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2564; Pub. L. 99-554, title II,
Sec. 212, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3099; Pub. L. 103-394, title I,
Sec. 115, Oct. 22, 1994, 108 Stat. 4118.)
Historical and Revision Notes
Section 341(c) of the Senate amendment is deleted and a contrary
provision is added indicating that the bankruptcy judge will not preside
at or attend the first meeting of creditors or equity security holders
but a discharge hearing for all individuals will be held at which the
judge will preside.
senate report no. 95-989
Section [Subsection] (a) of this section requires that there be a
meeting of creditors within a reasonable time after the order for relief
in the case. The Bankruptcy Act [former title 11] and the current Rules
of Bankruptcy Procedure provide for a meeting of creditors, and specify
the time and manner of the meeting, and the business to be conducted.
This bill leaves those matters to the rules. Under section 405(d) of the
bill, the present rules will continue to govern until new rules are
promulgated. Thus, pending the adoption of different rules, the present
procedure for the meeting will continue.
Subsection (b) authorizes the court to order a meeting of equity
security holders in cases where such a meeting would be beneficial or
useful, for example, in a chapter 11 reorganization case where it may be
necessary for the equity security holders to organize in order to be
able to participate in the negotiation of a plan of reorganization.
Subsection (c) makes clear that the bankruptcy judge is to preside
at the meeting of creditors.
1994--Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 103-394 added subsec. (d).
1986--Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99-554, Sec. 212(1), substituted ``the
United States trustee shall convene and preside at a meeting of
creditors'' for ``there shall be a meeting of creditors''.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 99-554, Sec. 212(2), substituted ``United
States trustee may convene'' for ``court may order''.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 99-554, Sec. 212(3), inserted ``including any
final meeting of creditors''.
Effective Date of 1994 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 103-394 effective Oct. 22, 1994, and not
applicable with respect to cases commenced under this title before Oct.
22, 1994, see section 702 of Pub. L. 103-394, set out as a note under
section 101 of this title.
Effective Date of 1986 Amendment
Effective date and applicability of amendment by Pub. L. 99-554
dependent upon the judicial district involved, see section 302(d), (e)
of Pub. L. 99-554, set out as a note under section 581 of Title 28,
Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.
Participation by Bankruptcy Administrator at Meetings of Creditors and
Equity Security Holders
Section 105 of Pub. L. 103-394 provided that:
``(a) Presiding Officer.--A bankruptcy administrator appointed under
section 302(d)(3)(I) of the Bankruptcy Judges, United States Trustees,
and Family Farmer Bankruptcy Act of 1986 (28 U.S.C. 581 note; Public Law
99-554; 100 Stat. 3123), as amended by section 317(a) of the Federal
Courts Study Committee Implementation Act of 1990 (Public Law 101-650;
104 Stat. 5115), or the bankruptcy administrator's designee may preside
at the meeting of creditors convened under section 341(a) of title 11,
United States Code. The bankruptcy administrator or the bankruptcy
administrator's designee may preside at any meeting of equity security
holders convened under section 341(b) of title 11, United States Code.
``(b) Examination of the Debtor.--The bankruptcy administrator or
the bankruptcy administrator's designee may examine the debtor at the
meeting of creditors and may administer the oath required under section
343 of title 11, United States Code.''
Section Referred to in Other Sections
This section is referred to in sections 343, 702, 705, 1161 of this